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Submitted: 02 Jan 2021
Accepted: 27 Jan 2021
ePublished: 08 Feb 2021
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Immunopathol Persa. 2021;7(2): e28.
doi: 10.34172/ipp.2021.28
  Abstract View: 137
  PDF Download: 109

Review

Conjunctivitis and other ocular manifestation following COVID-19; updated information about transmission of COVID-19 by eye

Mohsen Mirshamsi 1 ORCID logo, Nasrin Ghiasi 2 ORCID logo, Sharareh Heidari 3, Parisa Hosseinpour 4 ORCID logo, Babak Hassanlouei 5 ORCID logo, Seyed Mohammad Amin Hashemipour 6 ORCID logo, Naser Samadi Aidenloo 7 * ORCID logo, Rohollah Valizadeh 8 ORCID logo

1 Student Research Committee, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
2 Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Medicine, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
3 Firoozgar Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Rasoul Akram Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5 Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
6 Young Researchers and Elites Club, Faculty of Medicine, Islamic Azad University, Yazd Branch, Yazd, Iran
7 Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Urmia, Urmia, Iran
8 Student Research Committee, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
*Correspondence to Naser Samadi Aidenloo, Email: nasersamadiseye@gmail.com, samadi.i@umsu.ac.ir

Abstract

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was reported in Wuhan, in late December 2019 and was became a pandemic health problem worldwide. In this review, the current evidence related to the ocular transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and its common manifestations was studied. According to this review, 7% to 69.4% of patients had at least an ocular symptom following COVID-19. Ocular symptom are bilateral or unilateral conjunctivitis, increased secretion, eye itching and foreign body sensation, epiphora, dry eye, conjunctival congestion, eye pink, conjunctival hyperemia, and chemosis. SARS-CoV-2 particles were found in tears and conjunctiva. Therefore, the transmission of COVID-19 by conjunctiva is possible. Then, it is essential to wear eye shield to protect against developing ocular involvement by COVID-19 because personal glasses and contact lenses cannot protect from COVID-19.
Keywords: Ocular manifestation, COVID-19, Eye, Ophthalmology, SARS-CoV-2
Citation: Mirshamsi M, Ghiasi N, Heidari S, Hosseinpour P, Hassanlouei B, Hashemipour SMA, Samadi Aidenloo N, Valizadeh R. Conjunctivitis and other ocular manifestation following COVID-19; updated information about transmission of COVID-19 by eye. Immunopathol Persa. 2021;7(2):e28. DOI:10.34172/ ipp.2021.28.
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